Champagne gets its name from the region in north eastern France where all champagne is made. The Champagne valleys were millions of years ago part of a vast ocean. As the many small shelled sea creatures who lived here died they sunk to the bed of the ocean. Over millions of years of this the shells were compressed into chalk. This chalky ground is the perfect environment for growing grapes. The chalk keeps the vine s moist but absorbs any excess water stopping the routes of the vines from drowning.